L'administration Obama deux ans après son élection
Intervention de Bertrand de Largentaye, ancien chargé d'études à Notre Europe, actuellement conseiller de la délégation de la Commission européenne auprès de l'OCDE et de l'UNESCO, devant les étudiants de l'Institut Catholique des Arts et Métiers le 10 décembre 2010. Il y propose une analyse commentée de l'Administration Obama deux ans après son élection.
President Obama remains far more popular abroad than he is at home where his poll ratings have fallen from 62% when he took office to 45% in September. The choice of multilateralism over unilateralism is in his nature and is part of the explanation. The award of the Nobel Peace Prize remains controversial but was probably better understood in the rest of the world than in America.
He has been seeking a bipartisan approach to the problems besetting America, but his endeavours have not met with much success: the polarisation of Congress has seldom been as great as it is today. There has been a streak of opportunistic obstructionism in the Republican Party.
The administration’s agenda in 2010 was focused on implementing the main planks of candidate Obama’s 2008 campaign platform, but there were also, of course, some unforeseen events to cope with. The most spectacular one was BP’s oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, the worst ever in America. The President reacted strongly and practically forced the oil company to put $ 20 bn aside to cover the clean-up efforts. Another consequence was that all offshore oil exploration was shut down. The drilling moratorium was only recently lifted, after the relevant legislation was tightened.
We will first see how Obama’s second year in office has been a year of achievements, after a slow start in his first year, which had left many of his supporters yearning for results, anxious to see him deliver. We will then turn to the reasons that have dented the President’s popularity, starting with unemployment. And we will close by taking a look at foreign policy, at the way the administration has gone about re-assessing America’s place in the world...