Le rôle du gaz dans la dimension exterieure de la transition énergétique européenne
Disponible en anglais uniquement
Ce Policy Paper est une contribution de Sami Andoura (Notre Europe - Jacques Delors Institute) et Clémentine d'Oultremont (Egmont) au projet Think Global - Act European (TGAE). Thinking Strategically about the EU’s external action dirigé par Notre Europe – Institut Jacques Delors (rapport disponible en mars 2013, dir. Elvire Fabry, Chercheur Senior, Notre Europe – Institut Jacques Delors).
As an economically attractive option for investors, a potential backup source for renewables and the cleanest fossil fuel, natural gas is expected to play an important role in the European transition towards a low-carbon economy by 2050. At a time when European primary energy resources are being depleted and energy demand is growing, natural gas is becoming increasingly important to the EU. Consequently, the gas import dependency of the EU will continue to grow significantly in the coming years. However, if the EU wants to achieve its energy transition by 2050, gas must be considered as a mid-term rather than a long-term solution.
The EU is facing important challenges linked to its gas policy both internally, by attempting to create a competitive, interconnected and well-functioning internal market for gas; and externally, by struggling to develop a coherent and collective external strategy, which would allow it to both diversify and secure its gas supply from abroad.
Meanwhile, new sources of unconventional gas could change the world’s energy markets with potential consequences for the EU. However, many uncertainties remain regarding the development of unconventional gas within the EU, especially on negative environmental and climate impacts.
Ce Policy Paper fait partie de la série intitulée «Ressources Stratégiques de l'UE: quelle action extérieure européenne?» qui comprend les contributions de Gonzalo Escribano (Elcano), Annika Ahtonen et Andrea Frontini (EPC), Nadège Chambon (Notre Europe - Jacques Delors Institute)et Stephen Tindale (CER).
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