L'UE, la Chine et l'ASEAN, par David Camroux
In its relations with the countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations the European Union, as a whole, and its member countries, individually, both share a number of common challenges with China, while at the same time also having a number of significant differences in approach. The common challenges spring from their shared quasi-existential status as significant players in a globalized world in which it is beholden on international actors to modulate their relations on three different levels: the multilateral, the bilateral and, increasingly, at an intermediate, regional level. A first common challenge arises from their historical legacies - in this case differing ones -in relation to the ASEAN countries of both China and the European Union and questions of geographical proximity in the case of the former. Finally, the European Union has, unlike China, in its relations with ASEAN the added problem of dealing with the imperious internal challenge of developing a common foreign security policy amongst its members nations, and to function itself as an international actor in a way that is more than the sum of its parts.